Loading Strategies

Over the last few weeks we laid out our repetition menus for power, strength, and assistance.  Using the examples we put up alone, you could provide years of variety to a client without even changing movements.  Pretty crazy, huh?

And let’s face it- are you, or your clients, going to acclimate to intensity, volume, density, or movements first?

A lot of us sure reinvent the wheel with adding and changing movements, so that muuuuust be the answer, right?

Unfortunately, and yet fortunately, no.

So now what?

Remember what Dan John said in our Q&A last week about creating success?

His client pointed at him and said:

“YOU can’t get bored!”

So really, we probably just need slight tweaks to intensity, volume, and density- and only occasionally change up the movements.

[It's of note, you're following a program like that now!]

Okay, okay- so we’ve spent the last three weeks tearing apart periodization, reps, and intensity.  We didn’t get a ton into density, but we will…

But this week we are going to look at types of loading strategies, or what I like to call our “loading type menus.”

There is a lot of information to follow.  Don’t let it overwhelm you!

This is OBSERVATION ONLY for now…  we are simply laying out the “what.”


 

Power

What types of loading do we commonly use for power?

Well, I can only speak for myself.  But I commonly use the following:

  • Straight sets
  • Cluster Sets
  • Complexes
  • Chains
  • Ladders

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Straight Sets

We use these most commonly.  In fact, it’s what you’ve been doing thus far in Strength Faction.  Think along the lines of traditional sets and reps.

  • Overhead Medicine Ball Throw      3 x 5 = 5 overhead medicine ball throws

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Cluster Sets

Think of cluster sets as mini sets within a set.  Or maybe you’ve called them rest-pause sets.  We did some of these on neural charge sessions within Strength Faction…  We commonly prescribe breaths instead of time, for rest between clusters.

  • Hang Power Clean      3 x (2, 2, 1) = 3 clusters of 2, 2, 1, totaling 5 reps per set with about 3-5 good breaths between clusters
  • Speed Bench Press      4 x (3 x 1) = 3 clusters of 1, totaling 3 reps per set, with about 3-5 breaths between clusters

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Complexes

Multiple exercises performed for multiple reps, with a single implement, consecutively (i.e. no break).

  • Barbell Complex (Clean Grip Countermovement Jump, Hang Power Clean, Push Press)      3 x 3/ = 3 jumps, followed by 3 hang power cleans, followed by 3 push presses

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Chains

Multiple exercises performed for single reps, with a single implement, consecutively for rounds (chains).

  • Single Arm Kettlebell Chain (Swing, High Pull, Snatch)      3 x 3 chains/ = 1 swing, 1 high pull, 1 snatch, repeated for a total of 3 rounds before switching hands

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Ladders

Now we’ve got some variety within the category.  There are three types of ladders that we commonly use (some of these are closely related to cluster sets):

  1. Rep Ladders
  2. Time (Density) Ladders
  3. Weight Ladders

Rep ladders

Multiple, or single, exercises performed for escalating reps per round, with a single implement.

  • Single Arm Kettlebell Rep Ladder (Swing, High Pull, Snatch)      3 x 1-3 = 1 swing, 1 high pull, 1 snatch, then 2, 2, 2, followed by 3, 3, 3
  • You can do these complex style where you don’t put the implement down, or you could prescribe rest between ladders.
  • If it is done with a single exercise, you would set the rest between rounds.

Time (Density) Ladders

There are a lot of options here.  I’ll lay out a few examples…

  • Same reps, less rest.
    • Kettlebell Swing      3 x (3 x 8 @ 1:00, :45, :30) = 8 reps, rest the remainder of the minute, then 8 reps, rest the remainder of the 45 seconds, and finally 8 reps, rest the remainder of the 30 seconds, then repeat for the remaining two rounds.
  • Same reps, more rest.
    • Just the inverse of above.
  • Increasing or decreasing time.
    • Kettlebell Swing      3 x (3 x :10, :15, :20) = swing for :10 seconds, rest for prescribed time or breaths, then repeat for :15, and then :20

Weight Ladders

  • Increasing Weight
    • Hang Power Clean Weight Ladders      3 x (1, 1, 1) = 3 sets of 1 light hang power, 1 moderate hang power clean, and 1 heavy hang power clean
  • Decreasing weight
    • Inverse of above

 

Strength

Paul Anderson

Paul Anderson

Speaking for myself again, here’s the common types we use for strength:

  • Straight Sets
  • Triphasic (eccentric emphasis, isometric emphasis, and concentric emphasis)
  • Cluster Sets
  • Strength Complex

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Straight Sets

Same as we used them for power!

  • Squat      5 x 2 = 2 reps of front squats

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Triphasic

The name does not imply that we implement Cal’s and Ben’s system, but rather that we are influenced by it.  It all comes down to manipulating tempo of exercises for given purposes.  Typically we employ an eccentric focus for a few weeks, then an isometric focus, and finally a concentric focus.

  • Eccentric Emphasis Bench Press      3 x 3 (3XX1) = 3 reps with a 3 second eccentric (lowering), no pause, explosive concetric (up), and 1 second pause before the next rep
  • Isometric Emphasis Bench Press      3 x 3 (X2X1) = 3 reps with a fast descent, 2 second pause in the bottom, fast press, and 1 second pause between reps
  • Concentric Emphasis Bench Press      3 x 3 (XXX1) = speed reps with 1 second between reps

The build up prepares the individual to be able to control the varying points of the lift to increase rate of force production.  Essentially, the athlete/individual that can turn the weight around the fastest, wins- or at least in the weight room from a GPP standpoint.

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Cluster Sets

Same as we used them for power!

  • Deadlift      4 x (1, 1, 1) = 3 clusters of 1 rep with some good breaths between reps

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Strength Complex

Combining strength movements with related plyometric movements.

  • A1. Barbell Front Squat  3 x 2
  • A2. Hurdle Hop  3 x 2

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Again, there are more options you can throw in for strength.  Choose what fits your system!


 

Assistance

Honestly, I don’t use a whole lot of variety for strength…  Here’s my two favorites:

  • Straight Sets
  • Density

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Straight Sets

You get it by now!

  • Single Arm Dumbbell Chest Press      3 x 10/ = 10 reps per side

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Density Sets

We use density sets to control the tempo of our assistance work sometimes.  We simply write a time before the exercise name, much like this:

  • A1. 1:00 Density Barbell RDL      3 x 10
  • A2. 1:00 Density Dumbbell Chest Press      3 x 10
    • This would simply be performed at 10 reps of barbell RDL, then rest the remainder of the minute.  At the top of the next minute, perform 10 dumbbell chest press.  Repeat for 3 sets.
    • The time can be whatever you’d like it to be for your desired outcome.

 

Conditioning

Oh conditioning…  This one could get crazy.  To make a short list of types that we use is a tall order.  But alright, let’s look at a few:

  • Straight Sets
  • Fixed-Fixed
  • Variable-Variable
  • Fixed-Variable
  • Variable-Fixed
  • Completion
  • Density
  • Count-up – Density
  • Countdown-Density
  • Straight Sets-Countdown (for time)
  • Straight Sets – Count-up (for time)
  • Distance
  • Circuit

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Fixed-Fixed

Fixed time for work, fixed time for rest

  • Rower      6 x :20/:40 = :20 work, :40 rest, then repeat

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Variable-Variable

Work to set heart rate, rest to set heart rate.

  • Rower      6 x 85%/75% = work to 85% max heart rate, rest to 75%, then repeat

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Variable-Fixed

Work to set heart rate, rest for set time.

  • Rower      6 x 85%/:40 = work to 85% max heart rate, rest for :40, then repeat

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Fixed-Variable

Work for set time, rest to set heart rate

  • Assault Bike      6 x :20/75% = work for :20, rest to 75% max heart rate, then repeat

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Completion

Work until goal is hit, reps or distance, usually recording time of completion and working to beat it in future sessions.

  • Kettlebell Swings      100 reps = you don’t really need an explanation do you?  Get 100 reps however you deem reasonable.  Keep great form.  Break it up into sets.  Record the time.  Beat that time.
  • Assault Bike      1 Mile = same as above

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Density

Prescribed time to complete prescribed repetitions, remainder of the time to rest- just like in assistance.

  • 1:00 Density Rower      6 x 150m = 150 meters every minute for 6 minutes

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Count-Up – Density

Prescribed time to complete prescribed repetitions, remainder of the time to rest. Increasing repetitions per set.

  • 1:00 Density Rower      6 x 50m, 75m, 100m, 125m, 150m, 175m = 50m, rest remainder of minute, 75m rest remainder, etc…

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Countdown – Density

Prescribed time to complete prescribed repetitions, remainder of the time to rest. Decreasing repetitions per set.

  • 1:00 Density Rower  6 x 175m, 150m, 125m, 100m, 75m, 50m = opposite of above!

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Straight Sets-Countdown (for time)

Perform straight sets exercise for set reps per set, alternated with countdown reps exercise for descending reps per set. Record time to completion.

  • A1. Kettlebell Swings  10 x 10
  • A2.  Push-ups  10 x 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, …
    • = 10 swings, 10 push-ups, 10 swings, 9 push-up, 10 swings, 8 push-ups, 10 swings, 7 push-ups, etc…  Record time, aim to beat it in following sessions.

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Straight Sets – Count-up (for time)

Perform straight sets exercise for set reps per set, immediately followed by count-up reps exercise for ascending reps per set. Record time to completion.

  • A1. Kettlebell Swings  10 x 10
  • A2.  Push-ups  10 x 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, …
    • Same as above, but count up.

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Circuit

Perform exercises as prescribed, sometime with built in rest between exercises, other times continuous movement

  • Circuit   2 x 2 Rounds/:60
    • High Handle Sled Push x 20yds
    • Push-up x 20
    • Low Handle Sled Push x 20yds
    • Inverted Row x 20
      • Go through all of the exercises twice, circuit fashion, then rest for :60 and repeat.

 

Before we go on…

What do you want?

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Don’t go just adding in crazy loading types for variety sake…  You need to have an important conversation first.

What’s the goal (what do you want)?

What fits the goal?

The “why” to the “what.”

We’ll get to that before we wrap up this phase!

For now, do yourself a favor and build your menus!!

The more than we can write down these systems, the easier we can pull from them in the future.

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As you build an understanding, you will hear the goal and go to your menus.

  • These rep schemes makes sense.
  • These loading types makes sense.

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Go!